Maryland Sales Tax and Use Tax
What is the Maryland sales tax?
Taxes in Maryland are destination-based, meaning the Maryland sales tax rate is based, or determined from, the destination location an item is shipped to. This complicates business for retailers who need to have the exact and up-to-date sales tax rate for every shipment they make.
To see a full breakout of Maryland sales tax rates by state, county, city and special district, use our easy Maryland sales tax calculator. After putting in any ZIP code, you can enter a retail price to calculate Maryland sales tax totals.
What is the Maryland use tax?
The Maryland state use tax rate is the same as the state, county, city and special district rates.
If you reside in MD, use tax is due to the state on any and all transactions where sales tax has not been paid, even out-of-state internet sales.
Who has to pay Maryland sales tax or use tax?
In general, a business must collect and remit all applicable Maryland sales taxes if that business has nexus, a physical presence such as a brick-and-mortar location, within a given state. The presence of an employee or salesperson, delivery by the seller's vehicle, and storage of materials usually establishes nexus as well.
Maryland says that an out-of-state seller is required to collect tax if they can be defined as a "vendor". Maryland does not currently have additional laws establishing nexus for other reasons such as out-of-state businesses using in-state affiliates, advertisers or vendors, or businesses that make internet sales or mail catalogs.
If you are not sure if you have established nexus in Maryland, you can usually get free help by contacting the Maryland Department of Revenue. Click here for an updated listing of direct phone numbers. You could also contact a qualified certified public accountant or lawyer who specializes in tax law in Maryland. Click here for listing of recommended resources.
Special rules applying to Maryland sales tax and use taxes
- Shipping is not taxable if separately stated.
- Finance charges are exempt from sales tax, when stated separately.
- Clothing is taxed at the same rate as the general sales tax.
- Maryland Sales tax holidays are held for Energy Star items as well as some back to school items.
Since Maryland legislators can vote to change the Maryland sales tax and use tax rates at any time, it is very difficult for individuals to keep track of the changes. The population of MD state is also rapidly changing, which can cause frequent updates to the ZIP codes and local municipality names and complicates the job of keeping track of Maryland sales tax jurisdictions.