Everything you need to know about Colorado state sales and use tax
What is the sales tax rate in Colorado?
Click for larger image
The Colorado sales tax rate is currently 2.9%. In Colorado, each county, city and special district can add sales taxes on top of the state rate.
Taxes in Colorado are destination-based, meaning the sales tax rate is based, or determined from, the destination location an item is shipped to. This complicates business for retailers who need to have the exact and up-to-date sales tax rate for every shipment they make.
To see a full breakout of sales tax rates in CO by state, county, city and special district, use our easy Colorado sales tax calculator. After putting in any ZIP code, you can enter a retail price to calculate sales tax totals.
What is the use tax in Colorado?
The Colorado state use tax rate is is not the same as the state, county, city and special district sales tax rates.
If you reside in CO, use tax is due to the state on any and all transactions where sales tax has not been paid, even out-of-state internet sales.
Who has to pay sales or use tax to Colorado?
In general, a business must collect and remit all applicable sales taxes if that business has nexus, a physical presence such as a brick-and-mortar location, within a given state. The presence of an employee or salesperson, delivery by the seller's vehicle, and storage of materials usually establishes nexus as well.
Colorado says that an out-of-state seller is required to collect tax if they can be defined as a "seller doing business". Colorado has certain additional laws establishing nexus for other reasons such as out-of-state businesses using in-state affiliates, advertisers or vendors, or businesses that make internet sales or mail catalogs.
If you are not sure if you have established nexus in Colorado, you can usually get free help by contacting the Colorado Department of Revenue. Click here for an updated listing of direct phone numbers. You could also contact a qualified certified public accountant or lawyer who specializes in tax law in Colorado. Click here for listing of recommended resources.
Special rules applying to
sales and use taxes in Colorado
- Shipping is not taxable.
- Finance charges are exempt from sales tax, when stated separately.
- Clothing is taxed at the same rate as the general sales tax.
- Sales tax holidays have been held in the past, but have not been authorized yet this year.
Since Colorado legislators can vote to change sales and use tax rates at any time, it is very difficult for individuals to keep track of the changes. The population of CO state is also rapidly changing, which can cause frequent updates to the ZIP codes and local municipality names and complicates the job of keeping track of sales tax jurisdictions.